Left untreated, a pterygium can extend across the pupil, causing obstructed or blurred vision.
Protecting your eyes is the easiest way to prevent the growth of a pterygium. Wearing sunglasses when outdoors helps protect against exposure to sunlight (especially in areas with high levels of UV rays) and irritants like dust and wind.
Eye drops can help keep the eye clean and lubricated, and protect the eye membrane against dryness.
If the pterygium evolves to become bothersome, affects your vision, or keeps returning, it must be treated in an in-office surgical procedure. The best course of action is to consult with an ophthalmologist who will be able to determine size, atypical characteristics, and growth pace.
As pterygium growth tends to recur, Conjunctival Autograft surgery is the most recommended treatment for it. The surgery not only removes the pterygium, but also reduces its chances of coming back. Furthermore, this procedure offers the best appearance results once completed.
Amniotic Membrane Graft
Another surgical option Dr. Besser employs is the Amniotic Membrane Graft technique, where a piece of amniotic membrane is sutured to the eye once the pterygium is removed.